Page Outline
  1. Introduction
  2. Early Stage
  3. Middle Stage
  4. Late Stage
  5. End Stage

Introduction

Remember as you read these stages that some symptoms will overlap, some will vary in sequence and all are likely to vary in the rate at which they progress. Some may not occur at all. The onset is subtle. Often, the family is unsure if anything is wrong. There will, however, generally be a continuous and progressive decline, rendering the person totally dependent on others for even the simplest of daily living activities. The duration of Alzheimer’s disease depends on a number of factors including the following: age at onset, individual health status, support systems, and concurrent health problems. The disease may last from a few to 20 years and the ranges provided with each stage are approximate and will vary depending on the issues listed above

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Early Stage (2 to 4 years leading up to and including diagnosis)

Cognitive changes often present in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease begin with short-term memory loss:

Personality changes often present in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

Functional changes often present in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

In the early stage, the person may be adept at covering up losses by using family members to fill memory gaps and/or blaming problems on fatigue, stress, grief, overwork and other people.

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Middle Stage (2 to 10 years)

Cognitive changes often present in the middle stages of Alzheimer’s disease include greater difficulty with:

Personality changes often present in the middle stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

Functional changes often present in the middle stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

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Late Stage (1 to 3 years)

Cognitive changes are often present in the middle stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

Personality changes often present in the late stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

Functional changes often present in the late stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

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End Stage

Cognitive changes often present in the end stage of Alzheimer’s disease:

Personality changes often present in the end stages of Alzheimer’s disease include total deterioration with the following possible symptoms:

Functional changes often seen in the end stages of Alzheimer’s disease generally progresses to include:

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